We've all had them! Those swollen lymph nodes which are often mistakenly call "swollen glands" in common areas such as our neck or armpit. Since the lymphatic system is an important part of our immune system, swollen nodes often indicate your body's immune system is in combat mode.
Lymph Nodes are not only biological filters for toxins in our body but they are responsible for breaking down pathogens (foreign invaders). The lymph nodes do this by being "hotels" where your body's immune cells such as lymphocytes and white blood cells can hang out. When a pathogen is collected and transported to that hotel, a great deal of activity begins to happen within that hotel (your lymph node), and hence in other parts of your immune system. If a lymph node is enlarged, you can bet one of the following conditions is responsible.
There are over 700+ lymph nodes in the adult human body and they are concentrated in clusters in the armpits, neck, groin, and abdomen. They can be shallow (just underneath the skin) or deep (surrounding and internal organ). They vary in shape and size from .5 to 2cm and can be round, oval, or pea shaped but can enlarge to several times greater than that. They may swell due to:
I. Infection is the most common cause or etiology. Infections come in many forms such as (1):
II. Inflammation is the second most common cause or etiology for enlarged glands. Inflammation can be just an response to an allergen, food sensitivities or can be due to auto immune disease such as Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and so on....
III. Cancer or Neoplastic Diseases are the third most common cause for swollen nodes. Lymphoma, leukemia, breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, uterine cancer, and metastasis of any kind. If you are in remission from a cancer and have chronic swollen nodes, it is imperative you and your physician rule out cancer recurrence.
IV. Other causes may include extreme toxicity / poisoning or diseases caused by reactions to non-infectious agents such as serum sickness (reaction to foreign proteins in medication or vaccines), beryllium, heavy metal toxicity, heavy chemical toxicity.
Swollen glands aka: Swollen Lymph Nodes may be a sign of infection.
Often inflammatory non-cancerous
nodes are PAINFUL, presenting signs of inflammation: swollen, hot and tender.. By contrast, cancerous nodes are usually firm
but not tender. There is ONE exception and that is Inflammatory Breast Cancer.
However, cancer can manifest in an inflammatory form in rare cases. Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), for example, is an uncommon (3-6%) but usually fast-growing form of breast cancer. The inflamed breast can present with skin which is red, swollen and hot, sometimes accompanies by a peau d’orange dimple, itching or pain.
Things that may feel like swollen lymph nodes but are not:
Inflamed nodes themselves are generally not a major concern, but if you have symptoms of another condition along with enlarged lymph nodes, consult your doctor. The diagnosis of swollen lymph nodes rarely requires emergency hospital treatment. The exceptions to this include a growing infection of the skin that requires treatment, a severely infected lymph node that needs to be drained, or severe pain.(2)
CALL YOUR DOCTOR:
If you are unsure of the cause of your swollen lymph nodes and have no other symptoms, your lymph drainage therapist may be able to assist you by indicating where the lymphatic congestion is located in the body and if there is any rerouting or obstruction to the lymphatic flow. They may also be able to tell you which organs systems are most taxed or have poor circulation (spleen, liver, kidneys, large intestine). Additionally, a client's reaction to lymphatic work can indicate if they still have an active infection if more nodes swell after a session.
If you are out of the acute stage of infection (first 48 hours), Lymph Drainage Therapy can assist your lymphatics and eliminatory organs such as the Liver and Kidneys to expel the cause of your swollen nodes. We recommend a 30 minute session to start and please do not schedule an appointment if you have a fever. Depending on the clients current state of health, we may recommend more sessions or additional support from other providers to ensure your body has everything it needs to heal.
If you have a diagnosed condition and are under care of a physician, we recommend you seek the approval a recommendations for Lymph Drainage Therapy from your medical provider. For example, cancer patients need to stage the sessions at least 3 days away from chemo and those doing IV antibiotics for chronic Lyme will need have help clearing their bodies of impurities 2 to 3 days after a treatment.
(1) ”The Theory and Practice of Lymph Drainage Therapy". Pg. 48. Dr. Bruno Chikly.